Annapurna Conservation Area Project is the largest Area protected within Nepal. It covers an area of 7629 sq. km along with 100000 residents of different cultures. On the other hand, it includes 1226 species,105 mammals, 518 birds, 23 amphibians, and 40 reptiles.
There are many features in the Annapurna region like the world deepest river gorge (Kali Gandaki Gorge), the world’s largest forest of rhododendron in Ghorepani, highest lake in the Manang (Tilicho Lake) district and fossils of Tethys Sea with 60 million years.
The diversity of Annapurna is very classic like Gurung, Magar is the main settlers in the south whereas, in the northern Thakali, Loba and Manange reside with their culture and language.
Besides, there is some group of Brahmin, Chhetri who have lived in this place. When it comes to the practice of religion Buddhist and Hindu are common ones in the Annapurna Area.
People who live in 5 districts with 15 municipalities in Annapurna Conservation Area. The natural attraction has made the trekking most famous in the Annapurna Area. As a result, thousands of trekkers who come trekking in every best season of timing.
Hiking in this area offers the ultimate pleasure of real views of stunning. It has helped a lot for growing the economic growth of Nepal and trekking has been the main income in this area even tourism.
Over 1000 guest houses even tea shops offer the service for trekkers and visitors in this area. The rapid flow of trekkers helps to support the income source of each person in this area.
The wastes and litter are the main concern in this area and 15 trekkers who can generate 15 kilos of non-burnable garbage within 10 days of hiking.
ACAP has addressed a model in order to promote the best concepts of the Conservation Area in 1992. In addition, ACA at first protected this area and has permitted local people to live in this area with private property and offered to use natural resources.
Even Nepal Army who have offered security to this area. Nepal government hardly supports for the betterment of this area. So, National Trust for Natural Conservation gets a little funding for the Conservation Area for development. So, it collects some entry fees from trekkers.
Some additional funds are for the best development efforts even to strengthen this conservation area. Creating a sound environment is very challenging within this area. There are seven different units: Lo-Manthang, Jomsom in the Himalayan region whereas Ghandruk, Sikles even Lwang are in the Annapurna Region.
However, Manang, Jomsom even Ghandruk are the most famous trek destination and ACA addressed in order to create sustainable growth in regard to the economy by promoting heritage conservation.
In Upper Mustang, which came under the jurisdiction of this area is 1992, the focus has been on managing controlled tourism on a sustainable basis and promoting heritage conservation which is its major tourist attraction. So, the main focus is to support or promote the Annapurna Conservation Area so that each individual can be independent.
When it comes to the history of the Annapurna Conservation Area, the established date was in 1985 and undertaken by the National Trust for Nature Conservation.
The climate of Annapurna’s reign is very dynamic and changeable with the elevation of 1000 to 8000 m from sea level. Rainfall is higher in the south than in northern peaks. Annual precipitation occurs more between June and September which ranges from 5032 mm to the low 3000 mm and air temperatures which range from 4. 4.65 to −6.06 °C.
Area Entry Permit (ACAP) Policy Claims
The ACAP nearly charges nearly 30 USD including VAT. When it comes to SAARC nationalities 5 USD for the entrance. If you wish you can do in Kathmandu either in Pokhara for Annapurna Conservation Area permission.
Objectives of the Annapurna Conservation Area Project
- Conserve natural resources for the benefit of all generations.
- To help the social and economic development of the ACA locale.
- Develop tourism with a minimum negative impact on the ACA environment.